Change is inevitable
In April of 2011 I wrote a blog post regarding the future devices of the classroom.
Some time has passed and it is very clear that these devices, when used properly can help to make the learning environment more authentic. It is becoming more apparent that these are the devices of choice for many schools. The school I am currently employed at is 2:1 iPads beginning in preschool (aged 4) to grade 3. We are also 1:1 in grade 4.
Back in 2011 there were several companies trying to enter the education market such as the school tablet called the Kineo.http://www.tabletpcreview.com/default.asp?newsID=1945&news=brainchild+kineo+tablet+school The Brainchild Kineo was designed specifically for use in schools, it was supposed to have controls built in that would prevent students from downloading and running programs not meant to be used for instruction and was run about $300. If you visit the Brainchild website now there seems to be no mention of the Kineo anywhere. They now offer iPad software.
This might have to do with the fact that many people did and still do think that iPads were really the only option available for school who wanted tablets in the classroom. This might change in the near future as Google is now making a push towards Android tablets in the educational environment. Recently, Google Play for Education was released, http://www.google.com/edu/tablets/ . This is a clear push from Google to enter the education market. It is worth a look too, in my opinion! Considering price alone can make this move more feasible than going iPad, in schools that already have limited budgets. Starting at $229 it is hard to argue this point. On the management side, it appears to be a much easier process as well. In fact this is what most IT departments gripe about when they talk about iPads. It is a pain to manage these things. In a document about this program it states,
"Introducing tablets with Google Play for Education, the content destination
designed just for schools using Google’s classroom-ready 1:1 tablets. Tablets
with Google Play for Education give teachers access to approved tools and
content that help them meet the individual needs of today’s students.
Administrators experience easy deployment and management: set up a
classroom of tablets and content in just minutes."
I am not saying the iPad is not a great tool for schools, on the contrary I think the opposite. I have had experience with these devices in the learning environment and have seen how they motivate, inspire and empower students to do things they couldn't before. I know that the iPad is a fantastic tool for learning. I am a big believer in competition between technologies. What I mean, is that when the competitor does something and it is noticed as a threat, then the other tech improves. Competition basically spurs innovation and is in the long run better for consumers. It is through this competition that the product will get better for all consumers. This will ultimately have a positive effect on the types of apps created to make the functionality of the devices better. This is a good thing for schools because as the tablets get better the possibilities for improving the educational environment also increase.
What about apps?
For now, the iPad offers a considerable amount of applications which are fantastic for use in schools and sadly, not available for Android. Of course this might change in the future. At this moment in time the iPad offers students a better array of applications for creation. Apps such as iMovie lack any real competition on the Android side of things. Also apps such as PuppetPals, Sonic Pics and a slew of other digital story applications are also available for iPads and no equivalent for Android.
No matter what platform your school has chosen, it is clear that mobile devices are the future device. Checkout the websites below.
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I have just completed my first few courses for my Doctorate in Educational Technology from Boise State University. The final project for my Emerging Trends in Educational Technology course was to write a literature review. To do this I needed to read literature on a topic of my choice and synthesize what I read. The literature needed to be made up of a majority of peer reviewed articles but could also include other sources.
The Internet and access to technologies which allow for connection to the Internet as well as other people are gradually becoming pervasive in society (Holmes, Preston, Shaw, & Buchanan, 2013). The idea of learning is transforming in correlation with this change. Richardson & Mancabelli (2011) state, “In fact you could say that at this moment, modern learning is shifting to the web”(p.3). Easily accessible information, available through the Internet, has affected the role of teachers and raises questions regarding maintaining currency. In line with shifts mentioned above, many web-based professional development (PD) opportunities now exist for teachers. These online learning environments take multiple forms, including online repositories of information, formal online courses, web-based communities, online learning networks, and online knowledge building networks (Laferrière, Lamon, & Chan, 2006). These environments can be broken into two categories, formal and informal. Informal online learning environments have a variety of forms including specially designed communities, self-generated communities (Hur & Brush, 2009), virtual worlds (Derby, 2008), social networking sites (Boyd & Ellison, 2007) and virtual office spaces (Havelock, 2004). These provide opportunities for teachers, to discuss areas of interest and improve their teaching practice.
Formal online learning environments have enabled teachers to obtain Master degrees and Doctorates. These programs are costly and take a considerable amount of time to complete (O’Shaughnessy, 2012). Not all teachers can afford to participate in programs such as these, due to financial and time limitations. Professionals attend formal workshops where information is gained but does not impact daily practice (Baker‐Doyle & Yoon, 2011). Schools and districts provide formal PD workshops where topics may not be relevant (Derby, 2008); there has to be a better way. Social media has played a large role in keeping educators connected to others they met at conferences or online. These connections enhance their knowledge and help educators gain a greater understanding about their professional interests. Being a connected educator is seen as an important step for professional educators of the 21st century (Richardson & Mancabelli, 2011).
Online learning environments are often constructivist in design and form, which influences people who use them to participate in the construction of knowledge (Anderson, 2011). Other aspects of online learning, specifically in regards to informal learning networks, are supported by communities of practice (CoP) and social learning theory (Hur & Brush, 2009). CoPs are groups of people who share interests and interact to share knowledge and expertise (Ranieri, Manca, & Fini, 2012). Recent technologies has allowed the creation of CoPs in a virtual environment (Hur & Brush, 2009). CoPs are supported by the social theory of learning. Social learning theory views cognition in three ways, situated, social and distributed. These three ways support CoPs as the learning is situated in the community, learning is a social activity where the knowledge is spread across all participants.(Hur & Brush, 2009) Online CoPs are environments where people gain new knowledge through reciprocal participation in a group that shares resources and ideas related to their profession (Hur & Brush, 2009).
This review will look at the different types of online environments which support teacher learning, why online learning environments are needed in this day, what effective PD looks like and ultimately which types of online learning will create most change in teacher practice. A short discussion about existing frameworks which could possibly assist the integration of formal and informal teacher PD will also be discussed.
Types of Online Learning Environments
The Internet provides many environments for learning. These opportunities are broken into two distinct types based on the various iterations of the World Wide Web. Technology used in both Web 1.0 and Web 2.0 can be connected to communication and learning (Gunawardena, et al. 2009). Learning in Web 1.0 is considered formal and structured, top down controlled, content is created in a central location, use is scheduled and planned and created by experts (Gunawardena et al. 2009). Example environments include online repositories of information, courses and programs, which provide more PD opportunities to teachers, formal online courses offered by universities, which allow for development as well as improved practice (Laferrière, Lamon, & Chan, 2006).
Learning in Web 2.0 is characterized as informal, collaborative, blended and grassroots controlled, content is created by users or experts recognized by the community (Gunawardena et al., 2009). Example environments include web-based communities and online learning networks, which promote learning by sharing ideas and resources, online knowledge building networks, where teachers, administrators, researchers and students contribute to the community (Laferrière, Lamon, & Chan, 2006).
Both formal and informal online learning environments support teacher learning but why are they needed? The next section of this paper intends to answer this question.
Why Online Environments?
The foundation to sustainable and transformative change in teacher practice is effective professional development (Holmes, Preston, Shaw, & Buchanan, 2013). This raises issues, especially in this technologically rich, digitally connected world, where most people who are currently teaching, were born before these technologies were available (Robinson, 2012). The world is changing. In How is Technology Transforming Education? 2012, Sir Ken Robinson states, “The digital tools available are changing the planet.” He continues, these “technologies have changed the whole context of education.” Educators traditional role as the sole source of knowledge has disappeared because of access to the Internet. Holmes, et al. (2013) state, “The transmission model of teaching, common throughout the 20th century, is rapidly becoming archaic (p 55).” Educators today cannot ignore Web 2.0 (Albion, 2008). In fact, the development of these essential skills will be an expectation of society (Albion, 2008). With these changes occurring, teacher PD that is continual will be required to maintain currency (Holmes, et al. 2013). This raises questions regarding best practices in teacher PD in this transformative environment. In the past, teacher PD consisted of face to face workshops (Holmes, Preston, Shaw, & Buchanan, 2013), which are expensive and require travel to participate (Sherer, Shea, & Kristensen, 2003). Districts offer PD driven by policy makers, which teachers find do not meet their real needs (Derby, 2008). Research shows that while information regarding the art of teaching is gathered at these workshops, it is not where this information is shared, understood, organized, examined or sustained (Baker‐Doyle & Yoon, 2011). This is where online learning environments play an integral part and are considered viable means for supporting teacher professional development (Havelock, 2004), for they provide an online outlet to support individualized, relevant, professional learning and offer access to resources without limitations of location or monetary constraints (Booth, 2012).
Effective Professional Development
Before discussing which types of online learning environments support teacher PD best and allow for change in actual practice, the question regarding what type of PD is most effective needs to be considered. Teacher PD takes many forms, including face to face workshops, conferences, summer programs (Holmes, et al. 2013) and district initiated development opportunities which may not meet all teachers needs (Derby, 2008). Physical PD opportunities such as these, allow professionals to meet and form connections to one another but are expensive and require travel to participate (Sherer, et al. 2003). These one off type gatherings may not be enough. Often these forms of PD do not offer enough time to effectively follow up or consolidate learning (Holmes, et al. 2013). Research shows that while teachers gain valuable information about their field at these workshops, it is not where this information is shared, understood, organized, examined or sustained (Baker‐Doyle & Yoon, 2011). In fact Sherer, Shea and Kristensen suggest, “They are not sufficient for today’s faculty, who are faced with massive information overload through the Internet (p. 184)”. In order for teacher PD to be effective it needs to be continual, intense, related to teacher practice, directed towards learning and teaching of specific content, related to school initiatives and collaborative in nature (Gutierrez & Bryan, 2010). Another study suggests that teacher learning is best administered in a community of practice (Wenger, 1998). In regards to teachers, the goal of the CoP is to provide continual, sustainable place for teacher learning (Parr, 2006). Online CoPs are environments where people gain new knowledge through reciprocal participation in a group that shares resources and ideas related to their specific professional area (Hur & Brush, 2009). It is not the intention of this paper to suggest that formal PD options hold no place in teacher development but that they are not enough and more research needs to be conducted to suggest possible ways for the formal and informal learning modes to become integrated in order to support greater change in actual teacher practice.
How to support change in practice
Research has shown successful teacher professional development relies on continual support and interaction between educators (Hur & Brush, 2009). Another study suggests that teacher learning is best administered in a community of practice (Wenger, 1998). Online CoPs allow for connection without need for travel and can be directly related to specific areas of expertise. As stated by (Booth, 2012), “ Online communities create a new type of social space in which members can learn together across boundaries of time and place (p.4)”. Based on these statements, online CoPs are able to offer professional development that can be continual, intense, related to teacher practice, directed towards learning and teaching of specific content, related to school initiatives and collaborative in nature as (Gutierrez & Bryan, 2010) suggest. Another study found, online CoPs are viable vehicles for teacher PD because they allow sharing of resources, the ability to reflect on teaching practice, knowledge gain in their subject from peers and improved lessons (Wang & Lu, 2012). This study further stated, the use of these types of online CoPs will, over time, transform the way teachers teach and improve the lessons they plan (Wang & Lu 2012). It appears from current research, that Web 2.0 type online learning communities have the greatest means of affecting actual teacher practice. This, however, is reliant on how successful the community is. Research states that in order for an online community to be successful, two things must exist, trust and knowledge sharing (Booth, 2012). To do this, the community must establish guidelines which stipulate behavioral expectations, identify clear purpose, and provide opportunities for sharing of expertise (Booth, 2012). Another aspect of technology-based knowledge sharing relies on how the user views the technology. According to Hung & Cheng (2013), “however, a user’s subjective acceptance or rejection of the technology becomes the key factor in technology-based knowledge sharing (p.8).” This raises a possible hurdle for the effectiveness of an online CoP. If teachers perception of the technology being used for the CoP is in anyway considered too difficult or time consuming, this could affect its usefulness (Derby, 2008). As a way to improve the amount of sharing occurring in the online CoP, Hung & Cheng, (2013) suggest, if one improves their ability to adapt to technology then the intention to share in a virtual community would also increase (Hung & Cheng, 2013). Some studies found that one reason teachers did not participate was because the tool used required too much time or was perceived as not useful (Derby, 2008),(Parr, 2006). Both these studies were based on specifically created teacher communities that did not take place in familiar online environments such a social networking sites. According to (Brenner, 2013) 72% of online adults use social networking sites. The use of social networking sites might provide the familiar tool that could improve the success of an online community. The next section will discuss the use of Web 2.0 tools, including social networks, as a framework to assist the integration of formal and informal learning.
Best of both worlds: combining formal and informal learning
It is clear from the above discussion, one of the most effective means for improving teacher PD is to make use of online CoPs. However, formal online and face to face learning are also viable means of PD. There has to be a way to integrate what is learned in formal ways with the informal learning that takes place everyday. While research is slim in the area of integrating teacher formal and informal learning, several other studies have been conducted that could be applied to the area of teacher PD. Gunawardena et al. (2009), present a theoretical framework which depicts a spiral heading upwards beginning at context and ending with socially mediated metacognition as a CoP. The framework includes these levels, context, discourse, action, reflection, reorganization and finally socially mediated metacognition (Gunawardena, et al. 2009). This theoretical framework is based upon Web 2.0 tools and helps to clarify the collaborative process of learning which takes place in the CoP through interaction of the members using social networking (Gunawardena, et al. 2009). Zhao & Kemp (2012), offer a “Web 2.0-based workplace learning and training model” (p.240), where Web 2.0 tools are used as a means to integrate formal and informal learning in the workplace. While this model is not directly related to teacher PD, through analogy it could be applied in teacher training programs and professional development. Dabbagh & Kitsantas, (2012), present the idea of using Web 2.0 tools to create a personal learning environment (PLE). The framework presents a PLE where self-regulated learning is supported by social media use (Dabbagh & Kitsantas, 2012). According to this framework, a PLE is managed and modified by the learner to fit their specific needs (Dabbagh & Kitsantas, 2012). Learning that takes place at conferences can now be shared with others in their PLE. Because the teacher is the one in control of their own PLE, the PD obtained from it will be continual, intense, related to teacher practice, directed towards learning and teaching of specific content and collaborative in nature as Gutierrez & Bryan, (2010) suggest is effective PD. More research in the use of PLEs for teacher PD is needed but it appears as one possible method for providing effective PD that will change teacher practice over time.
Change in the world has caused a shift in teacher PD from just face to face, to web-based opportunities, including formal online university courses, to informal social networks, where individuals connect to learn from each other. Many professional development opportunities teachers are currently engaged in may not affect actual teaching practice. Research has shown successful teacher professional development relies on continual support and interaction between the participants of the PD (Hur & Brush, 2009). Online CoPs have been shown to support teacher learning through resource and knowledge sharing and have been shown to change practice over time. Most of the studies in this review focus on online CoPs that have been created specifically for teachers and do not include already familiar social networking sites. While research in the area of integrating formal and informal teacher learning is slim, there exist several theoretical frameworks which could provide a foundation for further research in this area. Exploration into how a personal learning environment, using social media tools, to support teacher PD by integrating formal and informal learning would provide teachers more options for maintaining currency in their profession and would support a greater number of subjects.
Albion, P. R. (2008). Web 2.0 in teacher education: Two imperatives for action. Computers in the Schools, 25(3/4), 181–198. doi:10.1080/07380560802368173
Anderson, T. (2011). Networks, web 2.0 and the connected learner. In Robert A. Reiser & John V. Dempsey (Eds.), Trends and Issues in Instructional Design and Technology (3rd ed., pp. 299–308). Boston, MA: Allyn & Bacon.
Baker‐Doyle, K. J., & Yoon, S. A. (2011). In search of practitioner based social capital: a social network analysis tool for understanding and facilitating teacher collaboration in a US‐based STEM professional development program. Professional Development in Education, 37(1), 75–93. doi:10.1080/19415257.2010.494450
Booth, S. E. (2012). Cultivating knowledge sharing and trust in online communities for educators. J. Educational Computing Research, 47(1), 1–31.
Boyd, D. M., & Ellison, N. B. (2007). Social network sites: Definition, history, and scholarship. Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication, 13(1), 210–230. doi:10.1111/j.1083-6101.2007.00393.x
Brenner, J. (2013, August 5). Pew internet: social networking (full detail). Pew Internet:Pew Internet & American Life Project. Retrieved from http://pewinternet.org/Commentary/2012/March/Pew-Internet-Social-Networking-full-detail.aspx
Dabbagh, N., & Kitsantas, A. (2012). Personal learning environments, social media, and self-regulated learning: A natural formula for connecting formal and informal learning. The Internet and Higher Education, 15(1), 3–8. doi:10.1016/j.iheduc.2011.06.002
Derby, J. C. (2008). Applying online virtual worlds to informal professional development: A study of rural teachers participating in Second Life (Ph.D.). Walden University, United States -- Minnesota. Retrieved from Retrieved from ProQuest Dissertations and Theses database (UMI No. 3320290)
Gunawardena, C., Hermans, M. B., Sanchez, D., Richmond, C., Bohley, M., & Tuttle, R. (2009). A theoretical framework for building online communities of practice with social networking tools. Educational Media International, 46(1), 3–16. doi:10.1080/09523980802588626
Gutierrez, C., & Bryan, C. (2010). Online community becomes a pathway to teacher leadership. Journal of Staff Development, 31(1), 42–47.
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O’Shaughnessy, L. (2012, June 10). 12 reasons not to get a PhD. Retrieved from http://www.cbsnews.com/news/12-reasons-not-to-get-a-phd/
Ranieri, M., Manca, S., & Fini, A. (2012). Why (and how) do teachers engage in social networks? An exploratory study of professional use of Facebook and its implications for lifelong learning. British Journal of Educational Technology, 43(5), 754–769. doi:10.1111/j.1467-8535.2012.01356.x
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Wang, Q., & Lu, Z. (2012). A case study of using an online community of practice for teachers’ professional development at a secondary school in China. Learning, Media and Technology, 37(4), 429–446. doi:10.1080/17439884.2012.685077
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I have recently hooked up my blog to Hootsuite so that it will post to my social media presence automatically. I got this information from this website. http://techblog.tv/auto-post-to-google-plus-from-wordpress/
This is a test post to see if it works as it is supposed to.
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To continue on with my discussion of tablet computers in the educational environment started in my last blog post Authentic use of the iPads I would like to talk a little more about
how some of the teachers have begun to use these tools in the classroom. We have been very lucky this year to have 10 iPads available in the ES Library for teachers to check out and make use of to enhance the instructional activities that occur in their classrooms. The use of these iPads began with a few Grade 2 teachers checking them out and using them to have the kids create digital puppet shows about one of the current learner profiles. As time progresses, it seems that the iPads, which we have made available to teachers in the library have been gaining popularity. A few teachers in the 3rd Grade and a Chinese teacher have used them in connection with various learning activities. In these activities, the iPad was used in the most authentic way as a tool to help in the learning process and was not used just because of the “Tech” aspect of it.
In 3L, Mrs. Livingston’s class, the students were studying about glaciers. To make the
study more authentic, they actually made miniature glaciers using water sand and pebbles mixed together in milk cartons and then frozen. The students placed these glaciers on miniature mountains made out of sand. As the glaciers melted and moved, depositing the rocks and sand, the students made use of the iPads as cameras to take pictures of these changes and recorded information in a journal. Later, the students used Skitch to annotate the images with words, boxes and arrows. They then used these annotated images in a scientific report about the experiment.
In 3G, Ms. Greer’s class, the students deepened their understanding of angles they have been studying by using the iPads to take pictures of angles they found in the real world.
The children then used Skitch to annotate these images with arrows highlighting the angle and words telling the degree of the angle.
In Ms. Lei’s 5th Grade non-background Chinese class, the students used the iPads to create digital stories using Puppet Pals. These stories made use of the various sentence structures, grammar rules and vocabulary they had just been studying. The Puppet Pal app gave the student’s a chance to create a digital environment with characters and backgrounds they had complete control over. This digital environment allowed them to take the various language aspects they had been studying and apply them to a fictional, but life like conversation. Not only was this use of the iPads an authentic way for them to show what they have learned it also created more motivation and spurred better results.
In Grade 1, the students have begun using Sonic Pics to record “How To” videos from books they had already created. These videos served as an introduction to the apps they will be using in their next unit about plants. The Grade 1 teachers want to make use of the iPads in their room just as they would any other tool. When the kids are doing plant-growing experiments, they will use the camera on the iPad to record the growth of the plant. These images, combined with their written notes, will be used later on as a part of their summative assessment, an informative digital brochure about what they have learned about plants and their needs.
Below, I have included more examples of student work. I hope you enjoy looking at them.
Thanks for reading
Shannon Doak, ICT Facilitator
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When you mention iPads in the classroom you will invariably get many differing opinions. Since there is very little research to back up the use of tablet computers in the classroom you will undoubtedly find many who are against their use at this time, saying that they are a fad. This, in my opinion, is far from the truth. Tablets hold a very important place in the
educational environment, especially in the Elementary school as the user interface is much more intuitive than that of the normal computer. In this case, students are naturally more able to use these devices and can, in my experience, learn how to use them without much assistance from the teacher. Of course, more research is needed in this area to back up my claims. However, I do see a future for tablets in schools and am interested in learning as much as I can.
Many people, when told that a classroom has iPads, immediately think that they are used as a skill and drill type of activity. While this may be the case in many instances, the iPads are much more capable of more authentic activities where the students use it to actually create.
Recently, the Grade 1 teachers have begun collaborating with Mr.Doak in a way, which will help teachers and students make use of the iPads in their room in more meaningful ways. It began when Mr. Doak discussed with the teachers that he would like to move away from bringing the Grade 1 students into the lab for “Tech” time and would like to focus on the fantastic tools they have in their room. They decided that it would be a good idea to have a team teaching “model” lesson, where the technology tool was used, just like any other tool, when it was needed, not because it was “Tech” time.
To begin this process, Mr.Doak had to explain to the students why we were doing this. When asked if they went to a special room to use a pencil during math time, they all laughed. When asked if they were ready to write, but it wasn’t “paper” day, did they not write, they all giggled and said, “No!” It was easy for them to understand that the iPad was just like these other learning tools and should be used like the others, when they, the students, needed them, not because it was “iPad” time.
The students have planned a puppet show centered on a celebration they celebrate at home. They are made a detailed plan and created storyboards. They then used regular materials to create backgrounds and puppets. After all the materials were done they used the iPads to digitize their backgrounds and puppets. Once digitized, they used Puppet Pals to create digital puppet shows that were saved as a movie file. Everyone is excited about this authentic use of technology.
Some examples of these puppet shows can be seen below.
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The Flat Classroom® Project is a global collaborative project that joins together students from around the globe. According to the Flat Classroom® Project “One of the
main goals of the project is to 'flatten' or lower the classroom walls so that instead of each class working isolated and alone, 2 or more classes are joined virtually to become one large classroom. The project is designed to develop cultural understanding, skills with Web 2.0 and other software, experience in global collaboration and online learning, awareness of what it means to live and work in a flat world, while researching and discussing the ideas developed in Friedman's book.”
At the end of September, the 4th Grade classes began their participation in the Flat Classroom® Project known as A Week in the Life. In this project the students will cover the following essential questions:
- What are the similarities and differences among children around the world?
- How can we connect with each other through our commonalities?
- How does your geography where you live impact your topic?
What is most noteworthy about this project is that the students will work in groups of kids from different schools to research on a week in the life of children in thier schools around the following topics:
- School time
- Languages & Clothing
- Housing & Transportation
- Leisure time
- Holidays & Celebrations
They will then make a collaborative project demonstrating their learning to others in the project. They will do this using various on and offline tools. One of these tools is the online collaborative tool and social networking platform known as Edmodo. Each class has begun the process by putting together a classroom “handshake” which was shared with other participants on Edmodo (see video below). What is great about this project is that it helps our students make more meaningful use of the technology already provided at AISG.
More information regarding this project can be found at the following URL http://aweekinthelife.flatclassroomproject.org/
The Flat Classroom idea has spread in the Elementary school and the Middle school, with
5th Grade and a Middle School class are entering the Eracism project. This project is on an online debate about the following debate topic "Global management of natural resources will cause conflict between cultures". Various tools are also used in this project but the main collaborative tool used is Voice Thread.
More information can be found about this program at the following URL http://eracism.flatclassroomproject.org/
It is great to see that our 1:1 laptop initiative is beginning to move towards deeper levels of integration. Way to go AISG!
The other Grade 4 classroom handshakes can be seen at the following URLs
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Google Earth is a fantastic application, which can be used to enhance the learning environment in any school. I am sure many of you have heard of Google Earth and have probably used it yourself, to do some exploring. In this post, I will go over a few of the tools in Google Earth that I have found useful in my own school.
This is a layer that can be turned on so that some buildings in certain areas are displayed in 3D. This feature is fantastic
when you want to visit a place you have never been to and want to get a better idea about the man-made landmarks of the area. I have included a picture of Waikiki Beach area to show just how good the 3D effect can be. Not all areas have this amount of detail but as time passes more and more places will get greater 3D capabilities. To turn on 3D buildings, go to Layers and check the box next to 3D Layers. If you are interested in learning about how to help create the 3D buildings for your area you can go to the following website. To learn more about 3D Buildings go to this site http://www.google.com/earth/learn/3dbuildings.html
The Weather Layer allows you to see the forecast for any area of the Earth your are visiting. This is very useful as it allows the students a chance to use Google Earth to visit a place to see what the
weather is like rather than just read about it on other websites. The use of the digital globe is a more real to life experience. Use it in tandem with 3D buildings and street view and you can actually visit the place and look around. This could be used as an authentic activity for students studying a foreign language.
My wife used this tool in her classroom, (she teaches Chinese), to have the students compare the weather in our city to other places and then talk about it using the new words and sentence structures they have been learning about. It could also be used in a Math class where the students are collecting data about weather for graphing purposes. What is really interesting about this tool is that your students can see an overview of the weather quickly or they can click on the overview to get a more complete forecast. I have included some screenshots for your reference.
Other great layers that can be used to help students learn can be found in the Gallery section. Inside the Gallery section you
will find many useful layers to add. The ones I used in my classes were the Earthquakes and Volcanoes layers. When these layers are turned on they mark the earthquakes and volcanoes on the earth. I used this with some 3rd Grade students. What it allowed the students to do, was follow these markers around the Pacific Plate. This path of volcanoes took us from Japan, all
the way around the Pacific Plate and back to Japan. Doing this in a 3D type of map environment, allowed the student to discover the “Ring of Fire” without the teacher directly teaching it.
The students then used their mapping tools (discussed below) to mark the “Ring of Fire”. They then recorded a video tour following the line and discussing what the “Ring of Fire” is, why it occurs in this area and any other interesting or important information they wanted to include.
Remember that these are just a few of the layers that I have found useful. Explore a little and you might find even more. If you do, let me know I am always looking for ways to improve.
Mapping Tools (annotate an interactive 3D globe)
There are many tools available in Google Earth, which help to make it a learning application where explorations as well as creation are possible. Using these creation tools began for me when the Grade 4 teachers at my current school, wanted a tool that would make annotating a map showing personal migrations possible. In the past we had used another application, which allowed the students to annotate a map but the end product was hard to share and didn’t fit all of the requirements set by the teachers. After some research into using Google Maps for creating annotated maps I discovered that Google Earth also allowed this. I also discovered that Google Earth had other tools that made it better than Google Maps because a video tour could also be recorded and shared with others. Below I will outline these tools and what they can do.
So where are these fantastic tools? They can be found at the top of your Google Earth window.
These tools include, a marker tool that allows you to place a marker on your map, a polygon tool which allows you to draw a shape on your map, a path tool for connecting points or drawing lines on your map, an image overlay tools that allow you to overlay an image on top of your map and finally the video tour recording tool that allows you to record a tour that can be shared with others who have Google Earth. For the project mentioned above we only used the marker, path and video recording tools. If you are interested in learning more about how to use these fantastic tools, Google Earth Outreach has a fantastic tutorial, which can be found at the following URL.
Here is a quick video from Google Outreach to show just how simple it can be done.
I hope this is useful to you.
As always, thanks for reading.
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QR Codes are popping up all over the place. Even my blog has one! (sidebar under Creative Commons info). Many of you may already know what they are for and might even have a scanner on your smartphone. If you don't know what they are, there is great information available online.
What this post is really about, is how these cool little square things can be used in the educational environment. To find out more, have a look at this.
If you don't have a smartphone or a tablet, you won't be able to see what this is. If you do have a smartphone, but don't have a scanner here are a few I recommend listed below based on OS.
For those of you who don't have a handheld or portable device with QR Code scanning capabilities, here is a Pearltree to links pertaining to the use of these codes in an educational setting.
So what is the relative advantage to using these codes with your students? Well this one is mainly based on the motivational factor they bring to the lesson. A once boring lesson is now interesting and relevant. Integrating this technology into the learning environment probably won't increase test scores, but what does a test really measure? If the student is interested because of the tool and the tools is utilized properly making sure the focus remains on the content then the tool improves the lesson thus making it more authentic. This type of learning is far superior to memorizing facts for a test.
As always thanks for reading.
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I wanted to share a post I made for my AISG Elementary School Information Communication Technology blog. This blog post was created entirely with the iPad. I think it shows just how much the iPad has improved since it first was released to the world. I also maintain an iPad Pilot blog for our school as we are now in the process of piloting iPads with our youngest learners. I hope you enjoy reading the post and that it serves as an eye opener to the possibilities emerging technologies have in the learning environment.
The blog post is titled, AISG ES ICT, moving forward in the 21st century and can be found at the following URL.
Thanks for reading.
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What you see above is known as a Pearltree. Pearltrees are a way to organize online resources visually, in a graphic organizer type web. According to the Pearltree website, "Pearltrees is a place to organize, discover and share everything you like on the web." What is really interesting about this is that it also serves as a social network of sorts. You can share your pearltree (folder) with others and you can also create a team to build a pearltree together. This team pearltree is very versatile, according to the pearltree website, "It is a group of people that curates a common interest. Each member add, organize or delete pearls or pearltrees. All team members can also accept or invite other people to their team." Below is a pearltree about pearltrees. Have a look around and learn more.
Once you get using this great tool, you might also want to use the Pearltrees' extension to "pearl" while browsing the web. You can also connect your account to Facebook and Twitter to "pearl" the links you share. This is really a fantastic way to share the pages which interest you and find more information you are interested in.
So how can this be used in school?
Well, since this is a great way to build resources online, students could use it to build lists of resources for certain units of inquiry. They could then share them with others from other schools. Teachers can create a Pearltree and then embed it in Moodle or some other course management platform. This could then serve as a onestop spot for students to access the websites you want them to use. Collaborative groups could use a team Pearltree to gather and share information sources with other groups and the teacher.
This is a great tool for helping teachers and student make use of technology for organizing information. This would be very helpful in a 1:1 laptop environment but could also be used in a 2:1 or any type of ratio that exists in your school.
What a great free tool! To get started using this fantastic tool visit http://www.pearltrees.com/
Thanks for reading,